Caroline Herschel was born on March 16, 1750 in Hanover, Germany. Her childhood was a difficult one. The family home was occupied for four years by French soldiers during the Seven Years war. Caroline along with her mother and a younger brother were confined to area about the size of small closet and nearly starved to death. Since she was the youngest, her mother wished her to be a servant to her aging parents. After her father’s death, older brother William paid her mother a small annual stipend so that Caroline could assist him as a singer in the choir in England for which he was the musical director.
Upon arrival in England, William joined Caroline for breakfast each day and provided her daily “Lessons for Lina” covering such topics as learning to speak English, learning music and voice, and the basics of astronomy, mathematics, and social etiquette.